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Feb 23

Advisory Districting Committee submits its final recommendations

Posted on February 23, 2018 at 4:20 pm by Meghan Revolinsky

By: Clay Curtin

The Advisory Districting Committee is pleased to present its results to the
City Council, consisting of:
  1. A recommendation for dividing the City into five voting districts
  2. A recommendation for dividing the City into six voting districts (with an at-large elected mayor)
  3. A recommendation for election sequencing for each map, taking into account the City’s practice of staggering elections every two years. In accordance with State law it shall not cut short any existing councilmember’s term
  4. An advisory recommendation to adopt the five-district solution over the six-district plan.
Download the report (including recommendations, maps and sequencing).

The Committee met eight times in six weeks. During the process, the Committee relied on criteria outlined in the City Council resolution and federal and state voting rights laws. The Committee supplemented these criteria and organized them into primary and secondary categories.

Primary criteria included:
  • Compliance with Federal and State voting rights acts (FVRA and CVRA)
  • Respect for the integrity of traditional neighborhoods
  • “Reasonably balanced” population – to the extent possible minimizing population differences among districts, yet recognizing it may cause carve outs or boundary shifts
  • “Eyeball test” (boundaries should make logical sense to the average voter)

Secondary criteria included: 
  • School attendance areas
  • Compactness
  • Consideration for common neighborhood issues
  • Use of obvious boundaries (e.g., major roads)
  • Possible consideration of how district boundaries affect the ability of incumbents/other likely candidates to run for office
  • Consideration of other relevant “communities of interest”
  • Owner versus renter or single-family versus multifamily
The Committee recognized early on that there are major issues involved in the districting process, including how to keep the Belle Haven neighborhood together, and how best to represent the various interests among those near the El Camino Real corridor and in downtown along Santa Cruz Avenue.

To help address these issues, the Committee conducted outreach efforts, including distributing flyers in various neighborhoods, conducting polls on Nextdoor and Facebook, and held a meeting in the Belle Haven district. The Committee received input from the public on these and other issues, in the form of statements at the meetings, submitted maps and email comments.

In the course of the process, the Committee recognized several factors that impacted the possible solutions. The outline of the city’s boundary is very irregular and includes natural bottlenecks. Consideration was limited to the 2010 census data, which does not reflect recent residential developments, and by the shape and populations of the defined census blocks. The requirement to balance populations in some cases resulted in awkward shapes of the districts, especially in the six-district map. 
In the end, after taking into account all these factors, the original criteria, public input and considering almost 40 maps, the committee arrived at its recommendations.
The Committee is grateful for the opportunity to serve the city in this capacity, and to the many concerned citizens who took the time to attend meetings, or to submit maps and comments. The Committee would also like to express its appreciation of the efforts of the demographics consultant NDC, and the dedicated support of the city staff.

For more information on the districting process, please visit

Advisory Districting Committee submits its final recommendations